As part of the Centre’s robust commitment to second track diplomacy, led by the director Mr Mohamad Masharqa, the Centre witnessed the signing of the initial agreements for peace in Sudan in August 2020. It was between the government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front, an alliance of nine political and armed groups from different parts of the country including the conflict-torn states of Blue Nile, Darfur and South Kordofan. The agreement aspires to deliver on the people’s quest for dignity, progression and justice.
The deal intends to solve the historical, intrinsically complicated and persistent conflict which has worsened the situation for millions of civilians for several decades, as well as up to 4 million refugees. The conflict has also produced at least 1 million deaths.
The recent agreement signed is a profoundly historical one because it paves the way for the democratic development and the transition towards democratic processes, thus clearing the way for a general election, which would mark the genuine advancement of the change to the system that has emerged since December 2019.
This would mark the end of the Islamic inspired rule that has existed for so long.
Indeed, there can be no agreement and democratic procedures without peace and harmony between the different armed factions and groups.
The Centre played a compelling role in the process. The latest agreement that was signed and overseen by state representatives of the neighbouring countries as well as the director Mr Masharqa the director at Freedom House on the 28th of August 2020.
In Juba as part of the peace conference, Mr Mohamad Masharqa, with the intention and quest to help make the transition to democratic process and the unity of the country, held meetings with Riyak Mashar, Vice President of South Sudan and Tut Gatluak, South Sudan’s Presidential Adviser on national security affairs. The Centre played a part in forming an understanding and emphasising dialogue between the different factions from all regions and sides.
A significant matter that was discussed was the need to maintain the progression, with suggestions of a conference between academics, intellectuals and researchers in order to introduce the Sudanese issue to the Arab and wider global community and ensure dialogue and unity between South Sudan and North Sudan.
Meanwhile, the Centre has played a fundamental role by virtue of meetings it held in various cities, including London, Berlin, Paris, Addis Ababa and Khartoum, which led to the signing of the first steps. This was made possible several months earlier by the agreement and the memorandum of understanding in Abu Dhabi between the leaders of the armed factions and new military councils in April 2019.
At the forefront of the Centre’s concerns was to raise awareness of the Sudanese predicament and emphasise a change the direction of the country with the goal of prosperity, unity and progress.